Happy Birthday song causes legal discord

A US film production firm has lodged a lawsuit arguing that the most popular song in the English language, “Happy Birthday to You,” should be public property and not subject to copyright.

Good Morning to You Productions (GMTY), which is making a documentary on the tune, said it was forced to pay Warner/Chappell $1,500 to use the song in order to avoid being fined $150,000 for unauthorized use. It has filed suit in a federal court in New York demanding that the government declare invalid the copyright over the song. The 26-page lawsuit also demands the return of “millions of dollars of unlawful licensing fees collected by defendant Warner/Chappell pursuant to its wrongful assertion of copyright ownership of the song.” According to GMTY, the tune comes from a song called “Good Morning to All,” which was composed in 1893 by sisters Mildred and Patty Hill, who sold the rights to Clayton F. Summy. The song in its present form was released in 1924 by Robert Coleman, setting off a series of legal disputes. Mark Rifkin, one of the lawyers representing GMTY, told media Warner/Chappell has 30 days from when it receives the complaint to respond, with the option of asking a judge to dismiss the suit for the lack of merit.